Turkish State Railways
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MAINLINE PROJECT

Mainline Project is research project of European Union prepared by 19 members from 11 different countries. The Project, which is within the scope of 7th framework program, was actually initiated on 01.01.2011 and completed on 30.09.2014.

 

The purpose of the project is to provide maintenance profit in the amount of 300 million EUR. Only by decreasing 5 % for the bridge maintenance in Europe, the amount of 250 million EUR will be profited. Within the scope this purpose, it is aimed to apply new technologies for extending the life of overaged infrastructure, to rehabilitate the disintegration and structural models for developing the costs of models’ lifetime and security, to develop new construction methods for the change of old infrastructure, to develop management methods for the evaluation of environmental and economic effects to be caused by the rehabilitation of track and infrastructure maintenance,  to extend the life of railway infrastructure, to decrease the maintenance costs and to develop a cost method for lice cycle. In the light of these targets, the capacity of the bridge, which was designed for 14 tonnes axle load and constructed on the iron ore line in Sweden, has been increased to 32,5 tonnes. Also, it is focused on the advantages of the switches and switch panel laying cars used for the rehabilitation of the switches on the railways.

 

Cost method for lice cycle is developed at the end of the project.  Life cycle costs and investment cost aim to minimize the maintenance costs in a period of 100 years. These are for the alignment, soil cuts and metal bridges. It is needed to be known the wearing rates within the years in order to optimise the maintenances and evaluate the assets. These wearing rates are taken from ÖBB (Austrian Railways) for Alignment, from Network Rail (British Railways) for the cuts and from COWI for the metal bridges.

 

In accordance with the wearing and deterioration rates, all the costs of further maintenances (like taxes, the cost of closing the line) are calculated for a period of 100 years. As a result of this calculation, maintenances are being optimized for the quality of requested line. Also, the environmental effects can be additively added to the other methods for the cost, thus, the cheapest and/or the most ecologist solutions can be found.

 

All kinds of costs can be added to life cycle cost method and at present the costs from the taxes to the cost of closing the line can be added. Better life cycle cost means better maintenance program and lower rehabilitation. This is also cost-effective and will reduce the environmental damages caused by the new equipment used during the rehabilitation.

 

 

SPECTRUM PROJECT

“Upgrade in the railway transportation logistic: New technologies and the methods in order to increase the competition in developing market light in weight but heavy in value”

 

The mentioned issues:

-Within the scope of existing infrastructure and operational capacity network, evaluating the feasibility of the services, which are fast and light in weight but heavy in value.

-To make a feasibility study based on the railway vehicles and the investments required for the infrastructure including the market needs and operational facilities.

-To develop highly efficient, bulky, cost-effective and modular designed freight trains in order to meet the requirements (for ex, temperature controlled cargo) of the new market.  

-To develop freight trains, having optimum length and design, making freight transportation harmonised with the daytime passenger traffic and in which the railway passenger traffic can be operated fluently.

-To improve appropriate management and transfer methods.

-To strengthen the interfaces with the other transport modes in supply chain by defining the critical developments.

 

There is 6 working items (IP) in this Project and the items in which TCDD involves are below:

 

Market Needs- IP 1

 

In this working item, logistic suppliers, researchers and railway transportation marketing units will examine the logistic market. The purpose is to define the sectors, having a great level as volume and growth rate and in which the choices are delicate, thus, the customers are open to new suggestions. The issues regarding to the demand analysis for the cooled, packaged and etc. products, global trends, requirement analysis, logistic demand chain, predictions and etc. will be examined. The result is the features referring to rail systems for attracting the new segments of the market.

 

Conceptual Designs- IP 2

 

Developing innovative designs corresponding to the requirements of the concepts like preparation time, security, operation maintenance, vibration, monitoring, etc. by using the existing developed concepts and the features of IP 1.

 

Spreading – IP 6

 

The purposes of this working item are to attract the beneficial shareholders by the coordination of UIC and use a wide spreading method.

 

The coordinator of the project is Mr. Thomas Zunder from Newcastle University Railway Research Center in England and the approximate budget is 6 million Euro.

 

The improvements in the Working Items…

 

SPECTRUM Project aims to develop innovative railway freight transportation for the goods light in weight but heavy in value. A new transportation service connecting the regions in a certain service field is the output of the project. It is needed to search and analyse the working plan regarding to application of designed solutions in the market providing that SPECTRUM corridor will be established successfully. There are some questions needed to be replied like how the new proposed SPECTRUM service will affect the railway market and whether it will have environmental, commercial and social benefits or not. Within this scope:

 

The kick off meeting for Paris SPECTRUM Project was held on 9th -10th June 2011 and the studies for the announcement of the projects to the shareholders in accordance with IP1, IP2 and IP6 were realized.

 

It was ensured participation to the teleconferences related to T2.2 and D2.2 outputs on 11th January 2013 and 18th January 2013.

 

IP2 workshop and the kick off meeting for IP3 were held on 13th-14th February 2013 in Tour, France.  

 

D2.4 report was published for the concept of SPECTRUM Project on 6th June 2013.

 

Project team have continued to work for the concept design, detailed design and economic evaluation since the first General Assembly held on 9th-10th July 2013 in İstanbul.

 

The meetings of IP3, IP4 and Advisory Board were held together with General Assembly during the meeting of SPECTRUM Project between the dates of 20th-21th May 2014 in Newcastle University, England.  UIC participated to these meetings both as the leader of dissemination working item and the head of advisory board.

 

The research was realized for the examination of SPECTRUM Project and determination of dissemination activities (IP6) between the dates of 01st-28th October 2014. The drafts of interview, e-bulletin and dissemination were prepared.  

 

The improvements in the Working Item IP3…

 

The purpose of working item IP3 is to develop a detailed design concept for a high performance freight train which meets the operational specifications indicated in the 1st and 2nd working items.

 

* Light weight wagon body

* Suspension and wheel alignment, vehicle dynamic

* Electric systems and coupling

* Freight handling

 

Three additional critical design elements for providing the logistic and market needs stated in working items 1 and 2 are ROLLING STOCK, CONDITION MONITORING (the conditions of the freight and the vehicle) TRACKING&TRACING.

 

The improvements in the Working Item IP4…

 

The main goal is to find out whether SPECTRUM train is feasible or not in the freight transportation light in weight but heavy in value for 3 service fields within SPECTRUM Project.  The service fields being detected are stated below:

 

Service Field 1: National, Central Europe
Service Field 2: İntermodal, Scandinavia
Service Field 3: İntermodal, West Europe

 

Planning of Working Item IP5 and application processes

 

Working Item IP5 is regarding to the demonstration of freight train technologies. Also, technical and logistic specifications on power converter for cooling containers, suspension and wheel alignment, light weight vehicle structure and freight handling system are defined and it is stated how the indicators will be provided for innovative SPECTRUM train appropriate for the specifications. It is reached the goal by activating a reliable working item for the application of 3 service fields in SPECTRUM service.

 

Conclusion:

The final meeting of SPECTRUM Project was held on 7th-8th April 2015 in the Headquarters of UIC in Paris and in the first day General Assembly by the participation of the members of Advisory Board was held. In the second day of the meeting, open and innovative railway freight transportation event was held. The aim of the mentioned event was to focus on the studies carried out in SPECTRUM Project and ensure dissemination. The representatives of the project on the other EU railway freight transportation were invited to the final meeting.

 

RESTRAIL POJECT

It is a research project for reducing the suicides and the negligence occurred on railways and preventing them potentially. RESTRAIL is financed by European Commission and created for Research and Technological Development in the field of transportation within the scope 7th Framework Program. The aim of this project is to reduce the suicides and the negligence occurred on the territory of the railways and to minimize the service disruptions caused by these incidents as well as the cost loss owing to the service disruption.

 

The project will analyse the reasons behind the suicides and the negligence and the results caused by these incidences based on the official and other data.

 

The existing measures (software and hardware) will be evaluated in order to reduce the suicides occurred on the territory of the railways during the project, to prevent unauthorized crossings and diminish the results. In the light of these issues, new measures (especially for the computer software) will be developed.

 

There are 7 working items in this project and the items that TCDD involves are stated below:

 

IP 1: Making a qualification analysis for unauthorized crossings to the railway territory and the suicides occurred in these areas.

 

IP 3: Evaluating of the measures taken for reducing unauthorized crossings to railway territory.

 

IP 5: Performing tests in pilot areas and evaluating the results.

 

IP 6: Taking the results into operation and extending them.

 

The coordinator of the mentioned project is Mr. Jacques Collard from the Security Department of UIC and the total budget is 3.868.392,80 Euro.

 

The commencement date of the project was 01.10.2011 and the final of the project was completed on 24.07.2014.

 

Aydın, a city of Turkey, is chosen as a pilot area, which is indicated in working item 5, and the demonstration of the project is realized.

 

 

 

SECURED PROJESİ

The title of the project is “Secured Urban Transportation – European Demonstration” and it is related to global security of urban transport. In this regard, modular solution items were developed and the rightness of these developed solution items were tested by the implementation projects. The commencement date of the project was 01.04.2011 and the project was completed within 42 months. Total budget was 40 million Euro and TCDD got the amount of 218.400 Euro financing from EU. 40 partners composed of the giant companies of the world have taken part in this project, in which Thales undertook the duty of general coordinator.

 

Within the scope of this project, risk assessments were realized and scenarios were created as a result of these assessments. Based on these scenarios, satellite applications were defined and demonstration was realized. The demonstration in İzmir was realized on 25.06.2014 in Karşıyaka station, which has rush hour and includes high risk for security. Applied scenarios:

 

Daily crime intervention and monitoring,


Crowd determination on the platform and evacuation,


Training for the staff

 

The purposes of the project:

 

Social purpose: To eliminate the terrorist attacks and the crimes committed in the railways

 

Economic purpose: to remove the service interruptions caused by the criminal activities and to attract public transport by increasing the competitiveness.